Stachybotrys spp

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Stachybotrys - Wikipedi

  1. Learn about Stachybotrys species. Mitosporic fungus. Hyphomycetes. About Us. EMLab P&K, a TestAmerica company, is the leading commercial IAQ laboratory in North America and specializes in analyzing samples to identify mold, bacteria (including Legionella, E. coli, Endotoxins, etc.), asbestos, and radon
  2. Synonym and Classification Data for Stachybotrys spp.. This genus is a mould that lacks a known sexual state and thus belongs to the Fungi Imperfecti. It is generally classified as a dematiaceous (dark-walled) fungus
  3. culture collection of Stachybotrys spp. (S. chartarum chemotype S , S. chartarum chem otype A, S. chlo rohal onta ) originating from various habitats were cultiva ted on mal
  4. Stachybotrys species -conidia are 7 to 12 by 4 to 6 µm, black, unicellular, ellipsoidal in shape and smooth to rough-walled. In this photo the slimy mass of conidia have been disrupted. In this photo the slimy mass of conidia have been disrupted
  5. Stachybotrys Chartarum . Growth in Indoor Environment. Stachybotrys is a greenish black mould that grows on substrates with a high cellulose content and a low nitrogen content such as hay, straw, wicker and wood chips, as well as building materials such as ceiling tile, drywall, paper vapour barriers, wallpaper, insulation backing, cardboard boxes, paper files, fiberboard, the paper covering.
  6. Stachybotrys is a specific family (genus) of mold that is present in the environment. Out-of-doors Stachybotrys molds help to decay organic matter. One particular species known as Stachybotrys atra (sometimes known as Stachybotrys chartarum) is prone to growth indoors. This mold is normally dark brown or black in color
  7. Stachybotrys has a fondness for cellulose ().While cellulose (especially water damaged) may promote Stachybotrys growth, the same is true for Cladosporium, Penicillium, and Aspergillus species (144, 185, 202)

Therefore, selected isolates (n = 15) of our own culture collection of Stachybotrys spp. (S. chartarum chemotype S, S. chartarum chemotype A, S. chlorohalonta) originating from various habitats were cultivated on malt extract agar for 3 weeks. All strains but one produced different amounts of guttation droplets, which were collected.

Stachybotrys - Is Black Mold Deadly

Species The genus Stachybotrys has a single well-known species, Stachybotrys chartarum. Synonyms See the summary of synonyms for the Stachybotrys sp. Pathogenicity and Clinical Significance Similar to various genera of filamentous fungi, Stachybotrys produces trichothecene (A):mycotoxins, the satratoxins The status of Stachybotrys species on health, as human or animal pathogens, in indoor environments, and use as biocontrol agents and compound discovery are also discussed

Stachybotrys spp. Aw - 0.94 , optimum Aw - >0.98 (22) . Several strains of this fungus ( S. atra, S. chartarum and S. alternans are synonymous) (1) may produce a trichothecene mycotoxin- Satratoxin H - which is a poisonous by inhalation Conduct a study of Stachybotrys and Memnoniella using both morphological and DNA-based phylogenetic methods to provide a more accurate way to recognize and delineate species. Describe new fungal taxa and report new records. 2 The mold, Stachybotrys spp. does not grow well on DG-18 as it needs a higher moisture content. It has somewhat restrictive growth on MEA and PDA. When a colony of Stachybotrys spp. is growing in a damp environment the spores are held together in a mass at the top of the conidiophore and do not release well into the environment

Stachybotrys is a deuteromycete fungus in the family Dematiaceae. The most important species in this genus is Stachybotrys chartarum, formerly known as Stachybotrys atra. This species is important for a variety of reasons, most of which relate to the fact that it can produce a novel class of trichothecenes, a type of mycotoxin Classification of species has previously been based on morphology, with conidial characters being considered as important. This study re-evaluates Stachybotrys and Memnoniella, which is shown to include at least seven species-groups; while Memnoniella is a synonym of Stachybotrys Stachybotrys chartarum, (/ s t æ k iː ˈ b oʊ t r ɪ s / / tʃ ɑː r ˈ t ɛər ə m /, stak-ee-BOH-tris char-TARE-əm) also known as black mold or toxic black mold, is a variety of microfungus that produces its conidia in slime heads This page was last edited on 10 December 2018, at 16:08. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply.By.

Stachybotrys spp. were detected with at least one of the methods in 58.5% of the houses tested, but only 9.6% of the room air samples contained Stachybotrys spores. Aerosolization of Stachybotrys spores was correlated with both wall cavity and surface contamination Presence of Chaetomium species in indoor environment is a sign of serious water problem. Chaetomium may occur together with other water-loving moulds such as Fusarium , Stachybotrys and Ulocladium Stachybotrys sp Species Information. 15+ species. Ubiquitous, Cosmopolitan. Stachybotrys sp Scientific Information. Aw - 0.94 , optimum Aw - >0.98. Stachybotrys sp Growth Characteristics. Stachybotyrs grows well on wet general cellulose surfaces but is slow. This is a slow growing fungus on media. It does not compete well with other rapidly.

Stachybotrys spp. and the guttation phenomenon Manfred Gareis & Christoph Gottschalk Received: 15 January 2014/Revised: 13 February 2014/Accepted: 13 February 2014 # Society for Mycotoxin Research and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014 Abstract The formation of guttation droplets is a long-knownpropertyofvariousfungi.However,theircomposition Stachybotrys. Stachybotrys is a saprophytic mold, which grows well on cellulose materials in areas with low nitrogen and elevated humidity, similar to Aspergillus, Cladosporium, and Alternaria species Stachybotrys chartarum appears to be a species complex. Recent studies seem to suggest Stachybotrys chartarum consist of closely related individuals in which case it is a species complex. What exactly constitutes Stachybotrys chartarum still remains uncertain Stachybotrys species can grow over a wide range of temperatures, and require a moisture content of at least 15% in the substrate, a relative humidity of 70% to 90% and a substrate with high cellulose content (3,5) Stachybotrys species are moderately rapid growers, have a powdery texture, and can range in color from white, pink, orange or black on the surface, to pale, orange, pink or black on the reverse. Stachybotrys chartarum ( atra ) is prone to growth indoors and usually produces brown or black colonies on the surface and on the reverse

Browse & Discover Sci-Fi & Fantasy DVD title While Stachybotrys is so much feared the number of cases where it was the cause of ill-health or death are insignificant compared to some other toxigenic molds such as Aspergillus flavus or Aspergillus fumigatus. There are about 15 species of Stachybotrys but the most well known is Stachybotrys chartarum Stachybotrys, one of the most common and recognizable species of mold found in indoor environments, is a greenish-black mold that is often referred to as black mold or toxic mold due to its appearance and ability to cause severe illness in people who come into contact with it Mycotoxins has general information on mycotoxins produced by different species of toxic molds. Trichothecene Mycotoxins has information on the family of mycotoxins produced by Stachybotrys. Toxic Black Mold Spores and Mycotoxins talks specifically about the spores and mycotoxins which Stachybotrys produces Stachybotrys is one of several species of mold capable of producing mycotoxins under certain environmental conditions and is often found in water-damaged buildings. Stachybotrys may produce several different mycotoxins including a class known as trichothecenes

See (Stachybotrys spp.) This close relative of Stachybotrys spp. has round spores with the same conidiophore as Stachybotrys spp Chaetomium ssp. and Stachybotrys spp. identification Posted by moldyman1 on December 18, 2015 I was called to do an inspection after two offices had been repeatedly water damaged due to a roof leak WHAT DOES THE NAME STACHYBOTRYS CHARTARUM MEAN? By De-Wei Li (Corresponding author) and Chin S. Yang, Ph.D. ABSTRACT The fungus Stachybotrys chartarum is the type species of the genus Stachybotrys. Certain strains of the species are known to produce trichothecene mycotoxins

Facts about Stachybotrys chartarum and Other Molds - CD

Jong and Davis (1976) reviewed Stachybotrys and treated 15 species primarily based on examination of living cultures. Their work has been the starting point for modern Stachybotrys systematics. Since then at least 25 additional Stachybotrys species have been described. Although there are now more than 40 de-scribed Stachybotrys species, only a. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Stachybotrys echinatus (Rivolta) G. Sm Overview of Stachybotrys (Memnoniella) and current species status. Fungal Diversity, 2015. Overview of Stachybotrys (Memnoniella) and current species status

Andersen B, Nissen N., 2000 Evaluation of media for detection of Stachybotrys and Chaetomium species associated with water-damaged buildings Int Biodet Biodegr 46:111-116 Auger PL, Gourdeau P, Miller D, Clinical experience with patients suffering from a chronic fatigue-like syndrome and repeated upper respiratory infections in relation to. Organisms Library - SanAir Technologies Laboratory, Inc. Stachybotrys species. Description: As a general rule, air cultures for Stachybotrys yields. Although Chaetomium species are rarely associated with human infections, there are reports of infections involving individuals with weak immune system. Chaetomium globosum is known to produce 2 toxins in moisture damaged buildings, chaetoglobosins A and C

Production and characterization of IgM monoclonal antibodies against hyphal antigens of Stachybotrys species Stachybotrys mycotoxicosis: human toxicosis has been described; may be characterized by dermatitis, cough, rhinitis, itching or burning sensation in mouth, throat, nasal passages and eyes. The best described toxicoses are from domestic animals that have eaten contaminated hay and straw or inhaled infected material from contaminated bedding Stachybotrys is a genus of moulds reproducing asexually through releasing large numbers of spores. Stachybotrys is described as hydrophilic water loving species with a moisture content optimum aw-0.94 If Stachybotrys chartarum spores are released into the air, there is a potential for allergic, respiratory or immunological symptoms to develop or become exacerbated. Stachybotrys chartarum is one of many toxin producing mold species. Conditions most often associated with Stachybotrys chartarum exposures include: Cold and flu like symptom Black toxic mold and black mold are common names for the Stachybotrys chartarum species of mold. Stachybotrys chartarum is classed as a toxic mold because it produces extremely toxic mycotoxins. Out of all the toxic molds, black toxic mold is the most well known because there have been so many cases of black toxic mold problems in houses.

Stachybotrys sp. -

QuickToxTM Kit for Stachybotrys and Aspergillus niger Stachybotrys chartarum from Aspergillus niger and other Stachybotrys species so far identified Verona & Mazzucchetti (1968), who monographed Stachybotrys and Memnoniella, accepted 16 species of Stachybotrys and 3 species of Memnoniella. Jong & Davis (1976) published culture studies of 11 species of Stachybotrys and 2 species of Memnoniella

Video: Stachybotrys - Doctor Fungu

Stachybotrys spp. and the guttation phenomeno

Stachybotrys is the bad boy of them all.. There are some species in the Aspergillus family that are just as toxic as Stachybotrys such as Aspergillus Versicolor and Aspergillus Fumigatus Stachybotrys chartarum is a greenish-black mold in the fungal division Deuteromycota, a catch-all group for fungi for which a sexually reproducing stage is unknown Black Mold Has Significant Negative Health Implications. While the term toxic mold isn't exactly accurate, many molds, including so-called black mold, (Stachybotrys spp.) produce toxins that negatively impact human health Stachybotrys Spp: Several strains of this fungus may produce a trichothecene mycotoxin- Satratoxin H - which is poisonous by inhalation. The toxins are present on the fungal spores. The toxins are present on the fungal spores STACHYBOTRYS SPECIES - This organism is rarely found in outdoor samples. It is usually difficult to find in indoor air samples unless it is physically disturbed because the spores are in a gelatinous mass

Fun With Microbiology (What's Buggin' You?): Stachybotrys specie

Immunochemical Detection of Stachybotrys. A species-specific monoclonal antibody (mAb 9B4) capable of differentiating between spore preparations of S. chartarum and spores and mycelia of 60 other fungal species commonly found in indoor environments has recently been described (Schmechel et al., 2006) Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by molds and toxic to higher vertebrates. In this study, mass spectrometry was used to demonstrate the presence of mycotoxins predominantly produced by Aspergillus spp. and Stachybotrys spp. in buildings with either ongoing dampness or a history of water damage Six mold species, typical to water-damaged buildings, were selected for use in static studies: Stachybotrys chartarum, Cladosporium sphaerospermum, Chaetomium globosum, Eurotium amstelodami, Aspergillus versicolor (tested in duplicate), and Aspergillus sydowii Stachybotrys (Stak-ē-bot′ris) is a genus of molds , hyphomycetes or asexually reproducing , filamentous fungi . Historically, it was considered closely related to the genus Memnoniella, because the spores are produced in slimy heads rather than in dry chains Stachybotrys is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity

These fungi are the causative agents of skin lesions, keratitis, nail fungus, sinusitis, asthma, and pulmonary infections. Acute symptoms of exposure to Cladosporium are edema and bronchiospasms, and chronic exposure may lead to pulmonary emphysema. More commonly, it is a more causative factor for intrinsic asthma. Fusarium spp The type species is Stachybotrys chartarum (Stachybotrys atra Corda). S. chartarum was formerly known as S. atra orS. alternans. Strains of Stachybotrys spp. have been reported to have teleomorph stages within three different genera: Chaetosphaeria pomiformis, Cordyceps sinensis and Melanopsamma pomiformis {3842} The genus Stachybotrys and its type species have been subject to controversy since they were proposed. Stachybotrys chartarum (Ehrenberg ex Link) Hughes was first described by Corda in 1837 under the name S. atra Corda as the type species of a new mitosporic genus Stachybotrys. In Corda's description, conidia of this species are two-celled. Stachybotrys chartarum ( syn. .S. atra, S. alternans) and perhaps other Stachybotrys species produce the trichothecene mycotoxins: verrucarins B and J, roridin E, satratoxins F, G, H and G plus an unrelated toxin, stachylysin

Stachybotrys species, there is no well-substantiated evidence linking the presence of this fungus to health concerns elabo-rated in the scientific and lay press. As patients and society at large become increasingly con-cerned that illnesses may be due to the home or work envi-ronment, an understanding of mycotoxins by microbiologist › Stachybotrys Choose one > Stachybotrys chartarum (strain CBS 109288 / IBT 7711) > Stachybotrys chartarum IBT 40288 > Stachybotrys chartarum IBT 40293 All lower taxonomy nodes (3) Common name Stachybotrys is a type of slow growing saprophytic fungus that grows well on materials that have a high There are about 15 species of Stachybotrys, with a world. Stachybotrys Species as Pathogens In the Ukraine in the early 1930s, a unique disease of horses was recognized that was characterized by lip edema, stomatitis, oral necrosis, rhinitis, and conjunctivitis Stachybotrys species Stachybotrys chartarum Name Synonyms Oospora chartarum (Ehrenb.) Wallr. Stachybotrys atra f. atra Stachybotrys atra subsp. brevicaulis Verona.

Video: Stachybotrys Chartarum - Mold Species Library - mr natura

One species of Stachybotrys, called Stachybotrys chartarum, can be particularly devastating. Chartarum is a mold known for producing toxic mycotoxins. A mycotoxin is just a fancy word for the toxic chemical produced by molds Toxic Black Mold Symptoms On this page you will find symptoms caused by the Stachybotrys chartarum species of mold, which is also called black mold or toxic black mold. However not all mold that looks black is Stachybotrys and in fact most dark mold isn't even toxic. For a list of symptoms that other molds can cause visit the Mold Symptoms page

Stachybotrys Corda, 1837: Species ~ 50, see text. Stachybotrys (Stak-ē-bot′ris) is a genus of molds, hyphomycetes or asexually reproducing, filamentous fungi Species of Fusarium were detected in 12 samples, only two of which were associated with the production of nonmacrocyclic trichothecenes characteristic of Fusarium spp. (Tables 2 and3). Satratoxins, with one exception, were found only in association with Stachybotrys species (Table 2)

Stachybotrys (S.) spp. are omnipresent cellulolytic molds. Some species are highly toxic owing to their ability to synthesize various secondary metabolites such as macrocyclic trichothecenes or hemolysins. The reliable identification of Stachybotrys at species level is currently limited to genome-based identification The fungus Stachybotrys chartarum is the type species of the genus Stachybotrys. Certain strains of the species are known to produce trichothecene mycotoxins,. It is a celluolytic saprophyte with worldwide distribution and frequently discovered in water-damaged buildings Stachybotrys is one of several species of mold capable of producing mycotoxins under certain environmental conditions and is often found in water-damaged buildings. Stachybotrys may produce several different mycotoxins including a class known as trichothecenes. The trichothecenes are potent inhibitors of DNA, RNA and protein synthesis The Black Mold Facts. The black mold, stachybotrys H, has health effects on most people. There are 100K-300K species of mold and about 5 colors. All mold must be cleaned up, but the black mold is rare, but not uncommon. Factual information decreases fear, leading preservation of property and health. There are various species of stachybotrys

What is Stachybotrys Mold? Mold Sensitize

The fungus, Memnoniella spp. is closely related to Stachybotrys spp. It has a similar conidiophore. Unlike Stachybotrys spp. the dark spores are round and in chains. Like Stachybotrys spp. the organism has a preference for materials with cellulose The fungus Stachybotrys chartarum was isolated from Orobanche seeds, which were collected from different localities of the Nile Delta, Egypt. In pot trials, mycelial suspension, as well as, the fungal filtrate completely prevent the attack of O.crenata to faba bean (Vicia faba) with

Indoor Mold, Toxigenic Fungi, and Stachybotrys chartarum : Infectious

Trichoverrols Stachybotrys chartarum Tryptoquivalene Aspergillus clavatus Verrucarin Myrothecium verrucaria, Dendrodochium spp. , Stachybotrys chartarum Verruculogen Aspergillus fumigatus, Stachybotrys chartarum Viopurpurin Trichophyton spp. , Penicillium viridicatum Viomellein Aspergillus spp. , Penicillium aurantiogriseum, P. crustosum, P. Tomato bacterial spot caused by Xanthomonas spp., is a common disease in tomato fields that causes significant economic losse Toxic Mold (Stachybotrys chartarum) Toxic Mold (Stachybotrys chartarum) (There are thousands of species of molds, and many are black.) But Stachy does flourish on. There are many different types of mold species on this Earth—some toxic, others harmless. At Mold Busters, we believe that important mold-related information should be readily available to and easily accessible by the public AN OVERVIEW OF STACHYBOTRYS MOLD Stachybotrys is a type of mold that has jumped into the public consciousness during the past few years. This awareness has been driven by media stories, legal cases, medical research, and a growing body of anecdotal stories. This document is a summary of information currently available from reputable sources

Stachybotrys Chartarum - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Stachybotrys echinata (Rivolta) G. Sm., Transactions of the British Mycological Society 45: 392 (1962) [MB#339588 species of Stachybotrys. DNA sequence data of the isolate ATCC 18851 and analysis of phylogenetic relationships among 12 Stachybotrys and two species of Memnoniella supported the finding of the isolate ATCC 18851 as a new species (Haugland and Heck-man 1998, Haugland et al 2001). Therefore the author proposes a new species. TAXONOM Fusarium spp.* Stachybotrys spp.* Outdoor and possibly indoor sources Presence in indoor air generally reflects outdoor air ventilation and the contribution of indoor growth, if any Presence indoors may indicate a concern for the health of the occupant

Stachybotrys species are plant pathogens and common allergens that are abundant in both indoor and outdoor environments. Habitat: Commonly found in soil and on decaying plant material. It is cellulolytic, and can be found indoors on wet materials containing cellulose, such as wallboard, ceiling tile, and other paper-based materials Stachybotrys mycotoxins: from culture extracts to dust samples pounds described from Stachybotrys spp. Only one of these compounds, stachybotrylactam, is. Many species of Stachybotrys are commonly found in soil and are capable of utilizing cellulose and damaging fabric made of plant fibers (Jong & Davis 1976). Stachybotryotoxicosis is a disease of farm animals, particularly of horses, caused by S. chartarum The type species is Stachybotrys chartarum (Stachybotrys atra Corda). S. chartarum was formerly known as S. atra orS. alternans. Strains of Stachybotrys spp. have been reported to have teleomorph stages within three different genera: Chaetosphaeria pomiformis, Cordyceps sinensis and Melanopsamma pomiformis {3842} conidia. By 1943, there was a total of twenty Stachybotrys species, with the twelve new taxa all being unispored (Bisby 1943). Bisby undertook the first major revision of the genus, reducing the number of Stachybotrys species to two, S. atra Corda and S. subsimplex Cooke. Based on studies of cultures an Stachybotrys Chartarum is a greenish-black fungus found worldwide that grows particularly well in high-cellulose material, such as straw, hay, wet leaves, dry wall, carpet, wall paper, fiber-board, ceiling tiles, thermal insulation, etc. The fungus (mold), before drying, is wet and slightly slimy to touch